The hottest overview of the development of America

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Editor's note: the packaging industry in the United States is famous and important in the world, affecting the development of the global packaging industry. This article comprehensively introduces the development trend of the packaging industry in the United States, which is published later for the readers

I. four characteristics of the development of the packaging industry in the United States

1. environmental protection

with people's increasing attention to environmental protection, the United States has vigorously advocated the recycling of waste paper in recent years, with remarkable results. It is reported that the e · cubetm packaging material produced by e · tech products company of the United States is made of recycled waste paper, which looks like a square. After filling, it can make vulnerable goods such as eggs not move in the box and avoid cracking. Compared with foamed plastics, e · cubetm is more convenient and fast in filling. It can fill goods of any shape, recyclable, biodegradable and non-toxic. Longview fiber company of the United States has launched a high-quality retail packaging paper bag with handle, which can be printed in three to four colors. It is produced from recycled kraft paper bags, which are divided into Kraft color, bleached and other colors. This paper bag can compete with plastic bags completely, and it is biodegradable. Although the price is higher than plastic bags, it has a long service life. Biocope company in the United States is a manufacturer of substance synthesis and biodegradable substances. The company took the lead in launching a water cup made of plastic PLA polymer material synthesized from grain. This product was first provided to the Sydney Olympic Games and has been put on the American market and is very popular. The company said the cup packaging line made of this new material. It usually takes two years to develop a new packaging product, and now it only takes half a year for the product to go on the market. This fully shows that the U.S. packaging industry develops new varieties and products quickly and in a short time. At the same time, the packaging industry is committed to providing consumers with more convenient packaging. According to the prediction of the U.S. Census Bureau, the United States will enter an aging society by 2025. The U.S. packaging industry has fully considered the potential needs of elderly consumers for packaging products and began to develop packaging that can adapt to the characteristics of the aging society in the future, such as zipper closure, easy to open metal top cover, double finger pull ring, etc

after the bag is packed with polyester film, it can ensure the moisture in the bread and prolong the shelf life. The plates made of solid bleached kraft paperboard have a coating that can prevent grease from overflowing, which can withstand both the high temperature of the baking oven and the low temperature of post-treatment cooling. The bulk butter is packed in shrink packaging to avoid the trouble of weighing and the difficulty of cleaning the container

in order to ensure the safety of consumers, anti-theft open mouth packaging tends to be used for a variety of products. The American pharmaceutical industry first adopted anti-theft open mouth packaging. In recent years, the diversification of drugs has increased the anti-theft open mouth packaging. At present, the physical properties of this product can be comparable with that of petroleum synthetic plastics, but because it is derived from plants and can be completely degraded, its environmental protection performance is unmatched by petroleum synthetic plastics. It can be thrown away with food waste without any treatment. The cup can be degraded into water, carbon dioxide and organic matter together with food waste. PLA not only has the good environmental performance listed above, but also has excellent synthetic stability

2. Diversification

taking the food industry as an example, because Americans' demand for food consumption is changing in the direction of multi specification, diversification and characterization, the food processing industry has invested its costs in development, which is more flexible and mobile

in order to meet the requirements of convenient and beautiful food packaging, easy storage, easy opening, low cost and high production efficiency, enterprises continue to introduce new food products to the market, which are widely used in the automotive industry, and have attracted the attention of the packaging industry. Polypropylene/Acetaldehyde vinyl alcohol/polypropylene material is used at the edge of small food packaging, which is easy to open, even for children. Fast food sweet bread is packaged with polyester film and placed on plates made of solid bleached kraft cardboard, which can solve the problem that in the past, it needed to bake in place and cost a lot of labor, and the quality was different. It can also be produced by using the production line. The packaged products can be placed in the freezer for shipment to various fast food supply points. The safe packaging of small sweet noodles has been applied to the packaging of food processing industry, dairy products, beverages and so on

about 20-30% of consumer goods in today's U.S. market appear in the form of flexible packaging. The "2002 industry status report" of the Flexi blepackagingassociation (FPA) points out that the flexible packaging market is an industry field worth 20 billion US dollars, accounting for 17% of the total packaging market of 114 billion US dollars, becoming the second largest sector of the packaging market. However, the cracking of flexible packaging in paper products processing in the United States occurred later, and the industry market is still the largest so far. The flexible packaging industry has many growth areas, such as shrink tube packaging, sterilization soft bags, vertical bags and food packaging. Flexible packaging has many advantages and can meet many market demands

a report of the American flexible packaging Association (FPA) believes that the market prospect of flexible packaging in the United States is very broad. The report pointed out that before 2005, the United States had the most development potential in three markets: first, fresh agricultural products. At present, half of the agricultural products are packed in flexible packaging. For example, most experimental personnel need to maintain a high degree of concentration. The packaged salad has been replaced by flexible packaging. But at the same time, it is pointed out that some agricultural products will develop towards sterile packaging due to the improvement of refrigeration equipment and technology. Second, pharmaceuticals. Although blister packaging does not belong to complete flexible packaging in a sense, but the aluminum foil or adhesive layer in the top area belongs to this packaging scope, it has a rapid development momentum and has great influence. For surgical equipment, soft packaging tends to be more standardized and cost rationalized than hard packaging. Third, the food market. The pet food market is one of the highlights. In order to pursue more reasonable economic returns, manufacturers tend to choose value-added flexible packaging to replace cans. The output and consumption of beer in the United States have been the largest in the world for many years. Beer packaging containers are mainly metal (aluminum) cans and glass bottles, but the consumption of plastic (PET) bottles has increased rapidly in recent years, Plastic (the application of PE bottles in beer packaging has increased only in recent years.

there are three main types of soft drink packaging containers in the United States, metal cans, glass bottles and PET bottles. In recent years, due to the rapid development of PET bottles, the number of metal cans of soft drinks in the proportion of all soft drinks is declining. In the United States, the use of aluminum cans is far more than iron cans in the total consumption of metal cans. The consumption of glass bottles has also decreased significantly, which is not difficult to see in the United States The share of glass bottled drinks in China's consumer market has been very small. Beverage packaging is divided equally between metal cans and PET bottles, but PET bottles have a broader prospect. Based on the advantages of rich resources, easy processing and price advantages, the three-dimensional bags used for beverage product packaging are also growing rapidly

4. Promotion

for many enterprises, packaging is an important aspect to consider before goods arrive at end consumers in the supply chain process. While ensuring that goods are not damaged and easy to carry, packaging itself is also a good marketing tool. When consumers enter retail stores, they often make purchase decisions based on product packaging. Profit organizations often replace products with more eye-catching packaging to win customers and squeeze competitors. With the change of the manifestation of packaging materials, the impact of packaging materials, packaging technology and packaging forms on the economy has also changed

$page break $2. Development trend of packaging materials

according to the special research report of freeedonid group consulting company, it is estimated that in the U.S. packaging market in 2006, plastic consumption will exceed paper consumption in 17 sub markets, with a total consumption of 4.9 million tons, indicating an average annual growth rate of 1.6% from 2001 to 2006. The research report points out that paper can only continue to maintain its advantage in the transportation bag and cooked food carrying packaging market. Plastic shows technical advantages and convenience in the packaging of hard containers such as filling and packaging films and transport barrels. Plastic packaging is easy to process and the production line speed is fast, which increases its competitiveness. Reusable plastic transport barrels are cheaper than fiberboard packaging and have a promising market prospect. Rigid plastic containers are suitable for packaging dry food, cereals and rice, and can obtain the curve and data of the experimental process in real time. Standing plastic bags will replace folding cartons for candy packaging, and the application of metal plating film and high barrier composite film will be expanded. In addition, plastic bottles will be used more in the soft drink market, and plastic packaging bag consumption in the fast food packaging and retail market also shows a strong growth rate. The consumption of PET materials in the United States is on the rise in many markets. These markets include the health and beauty industry, the pharmaceutical industry, and the beverage (alcoholic and non-alcoholic, carbonated and non carbonated, and new generation beverages) industry

sterile packaging of plastic bottles has become a new favorite of the packaging industry in the United States, especially for many beverage companies. Some manufacturers are waiting for the packers to adopt aseptic packaging technology. Frorito valtao and his son company is a good example. The exquisite glass bottles and labels made by the company for its Arizona tea and fruit juice drinks have been widely praised. In the summer of 2005, the company introduced several beverage products using heat filled polyethylene terephthalate packaging bottles

the United States invented the structure of combined heavy-duty cartons as early as the 1950s and patented the use of octagonal clip pads and large square head self tightening screws to fix the bottom of the box and the seat (tray). For overweight large substitute wood packaging, the composite or combined structure of super strong multi-layer corrugated board is used. Tenneco and ixca LIBOR pallet group all have production and service businesses of honeycomb paperboard all paper pallets with waterproof treatment and protective packaging materials with cushioning performance used as corners and bottoms of boxes

$page break $3. Innovation in packaging equipment and technology development

the American packaging industry started in the early 20th century and has developed rapidly since World War II, gradually establishing and forming a complete and independent industrial system including packaging materials, packaging technology and packaging machinery. Its total output value of packaging industry accounts for 3% of the total national economic output value

according to the survey and analysis of the American industry, the largest industry using packaging machinery is the food industry, followed by the beverage industry, household cleaning products and cosmetics industry, pharmaceutical products and tobacco industry

specifically, as the largest industry using packaging machinery in the United States, almost all models and models are used in the food industry. Among them, in the U.S. food industry, the annual demand for packaging machinery for vegetables and fruits accounts for the largest proportion, with an increasing trend from 1985 to 2005

the demand in 1985 was 120million US dollars, accounting for 16.4% of the total value of packaging machinery needed by the food industry of 7.3 billion US dollars in that year, accounting for 18.4% in 1994 and 20.3% in 2005; The packaging machinery required for meat is the second; Dairy products ranked third; Bread ranks fourth; Candy ranks fifth. Except for meat products, the proportion of the annual demand value of dairy products and candy packaging machinery in the total demand value of the food industry showed a downward trend. The demand for packaging machinery in the food industry grew at an average annual rate of 7% from 1994 to 2000. It is precisely because the U.S. food industry introduces thousands of new products every year, which accelerates the upgrading of packaging machinery. Therefore, the innovation speed of packaging machinery used in the U.S. food industry has always been in the first place


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