The hottest logistics development of Chinese manuf

2022-10-14
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Logistics development of Chinese manufacturing enterprises

at present, the logistics development of Chinese manufacturing enterprises is improving to integrated logistics management, which is basically in the late stage of the transition from physical distribution management to integrated logistics management. Among them, the logistics demand of manufacturing industry is growing rapidly, the scale is expanding rapidly, and the proportion in the total social logistics is greatly increased

in recent years, with the upgrading of China's manufacturing industry, logistics demand has been released rapidly. With the rapid development of modern logistics in China, the scale of manufacturing logistics has gradually expanded, and the total amount of manufacturing logistics accounts for the largest proportion in the total amount of social logistics, which has increased year by year. The development of logistics business is rapidly expanding from production and sales to procurement, and some enterprises begin to develop to recycling logistics

reduce procurement logistics costs

in order to improve overall efficiency and enhance international competitiveness, China's manufacturing enterprises have begun to cultivate modern logistics concepts. Using modern logistics technology and tools, their logistics business development is rapidly expanding from production and sales to procurement, and some enterprises begin to develop to recycling (recycling) logistics

since the logistics cost of manufacturing enterprises occurs in the whole process of production and operation, including procurement, production and sales, only by effectively controlling the logistics cost of all links can the total logistics cost of enterprises be minimized and the logistics efficiency be optimized. In traditional manufacturing logistics activities, the procurement link is usually ignored, and in fact, the procurement link is the most cost-effective link. In an increasingly competitive market, it is generally difficult to increase the sales of manufacturing enterprises, while it is relatively easy to reduce logistics costs. Therefore, it is very important to reduce logistics procurement costs. Through bidding procurement, manufacturing enterprises can effectively reduce logistics procurement costs and avoid waste in the procurement process

at present, Shenyang Brilliance Jinbei Automobile Co., Ltd. has begun to adopt order procurement logistics management, and its procurement activities are order driven: manufacturing orders are generated driven by user demand orders, manufacturing orders drive purchase orders, and purchase orders drive suppliers. In this way, Brilliance Jinbei Automobile Co., Ltd. has realized low-cost and punctual procurement logistics, optimized and integrated with real-time logistics in production and professional sales logistics, formed an integrated logistics system with the enterprise as a whole, and promoted the overall efficiency and efficiency of the enterprise

according to our understanding, at present, some major domestic automobile enterprises, such as Shanghai Volkswagen and FAW Volkswagen, generally adopt this punctual and effective integrated logistics management mode

logistics development objective

the logistics development objective of manufacturing enterprises is changing from accelerating sales and reducing sales costs to overall optimization, improving enterprise efficiency and reducing overall logistics costs

under the integrated logistics management mode, the essence of logistics is a strategic measure to meet the needs of consumers and consider the market conditions of procurement, manufacturing, transportation, sales, etc. through modern logistics means such as information storage, transportation, inventory, warehousing, loading and unloading, handling and packaging, products are transferred between circulation nodes at all levels at the lowest possible cost. According to our investigation, at present, the logistics development goals of some manufacturing industries have begun to change from accelerating sales and reducing sales costs to overall optimization, improving enterprise efficiency and reducing overall logistics costs, which fully shows that the logistics management concept of manufacturing enterprises is improving, which is of great significance for promoting the development of modern logistics in China's manufacturing industry and transforming and upgrading the traditional manufacturing industry

at the same time, the industry characteristics of logistics development are becoming more and more obvious, and the trend of refinement and specialization is beginning to appear. The development of logistics in manufacturing enterprises has accelerated from extensive logistics management to refined and professional management, and the industry characteristics of logistics development are becoming more and more obvious. In fact, many enterprises are transforming and building their own logistics management system according to the characteristics of the industry and market demand, which further promotes the transformation of manufacturing logistics from extensive management to refined and professional logistics management

logistics system of China's large manufacturing enterprises

logistics infrastructure

China's manufacturing enterprises generally have a certain logistics infrastructure, and the average size of domestic enterprises is much larger than that of foreign-funded enterprises. This is because for a long time, China's traditional manufacturing industry has been affected by the concept of "large and complete" and "small and complete", and is used to self-contained and self-service in logistics management and operation, which is concentrated in the low degree of intensification, The internal logistics infrastructure is large

according to the data of the second national logistics statistical survey (2006) of the national development and Reform Commission, manufacturing enterprises generally have certain logistics infrastructure. The average used storage area of key survey enterprises in the manufacturing industry is 120000 m2, of which: the average self owned storage area is 72000 m2, accounting for 60.1% of the average used storage area, and the average rented storage area is 4.8. Focus on the development of high-performance low-cost carbon fiber, high-strength high modulus and functional glass fiber, aramid fiber, polyimide fiber, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber, alumina fiber, boron nitride fiber, basalt fiber Silicon carbide ceramic fiber and other materials; Accelerate the intelligent and green manufacturing technology of fibers and composites and the industrialization level of high temperature resistant thermoplastic composites; Further expand the utilization of high-performance fibers and composites in the fields of industrial equipment, high-pressure gas cylinders, automobile lightweight, rail transit, wind power generation, marine and sports leisure, accounting for 39.9%; The average number of freight vehicles owned by the key survey enterprises is 58, with 35 loading and unloading equipment. The storage area of domestic enterprises is 4. 5% of that of foreign-funded enterprises 9 times, 3.4 times and 12.3 times; The average ownership of freight vehicles and loading and unloading equipment of domestic enterprises were 3.7 times and 1.5 times that of foreign-funded enterprises in the same period, respectively. The internal logistics infrastructure of manufacturing enterprises in China is not only large-scale, but also the difference between domestic enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises is very obvious in terms of the ownership of logistics infrastructure

manufacturing enterprises generally have certain logistics infrastructure, which shows that China should take the road with Chinese characteristics to develop manufacturing logistics, and cannot blindly learn from the overall outsourcing logistics business strategy of foreign developed countries. To develop manufacturing logistics in China, we must combine the current reality of manufacturing development, make full use of the existing logistics infrastructure, and realize the optimal allocation of logistics resources

logistics development trend

at present, the logistics of manufacturing enterprises in China shows the characteristics of increasing outsourcing business, improving the degree of specialization, and the obvious trend of alliance between manufacturing enterprises and logistics enterprises

the characteristics of logistics outsourcing of manufacturing enterprises are: the outsourcing of logistics business has increased and the degree of specialization has improved, but the overall outsourcing of logistics business is less, and the proportion of transportation outsourcing is larger. At present, it has become a favorable trend for manufacturing enterprises and logistics enterprises to realize strategic cooperation and resource sharing

at the same time, the understanding of logistics informatization of manufacturing enterprises (5) the starting experimental procedure has been significantly improved, playing an increasingly key role in the logistics of manufacturing enterprises. Logistics informatization is the process of using information technology to integrate logistics business processes and logistics resources, realize information standardization and database management, electronization of information transmission and information collection, electronization of business processes, and then realize large-scale operation and networking operation management

with the vigorous development of China's logistics industry in recent years, logistics informatization has received widespread attention, the scale of investment in logistics industry informatization has been expanding, and the level of logistics information technology equipment has been greatly improved

25% of China's large manufacturing enterprises use Kanban management for on-site logistics, 11% use JIT distribution, 44% use direct delivery of raw materials, 6% use lean logistics management, 13% use bar code information system, and 13% use enterprise integrated logistics system. Compared with the past, the enterprise logistics system has been greatly improved

at present, in the process of improving the logistics system, 23% of China's key manufacturing enterprises adopt integrated logistics management, 18% implement supply chain management optimization, 37% adopt bidding procurement measures for raw material procurement, 49% adopt logistics outsourcing, 47% implement ERP information management, and 29% implement business process optimization, 31% of enterprises have adopted other logistics improvement measures

logistics informatization integrates manufacturing resources, promotes the coordinated operation of all links in the supply chain of manufacturing enterprises, reduces the "bullwhip effect", improves the rapid response ability of the logistics system, improves the time-space effect of the logistics system, and saves logistics costs. Logistics informatization is the core way to improve the logistics modernization level of China's manufacturing industry and realize leapfrog development. Promoting logistics informatization is of great significance to promote the development of manufacturing logistics in China and improve the quality and efficiency of national economic operation

at the same time, modern logistics technology and products began to be applied in enterprise logistics operations. In the 21st century, the development of modern science and technology represented by information technology has put forward newer and higher requirements for modern manufacturing industry, and has also highlighted the important role of modern logistics industry as the driving force of manufacturing upgrading in social and technological progress and industrial upgrading

before 1980s, it was an internal integrated logistics organization based on the internal information management system of enterprises; After the emergence of EDI technology in the 1990s, especially after the emergence of third-party logistics enterprises, it can be summarized as a specialized logistics organization based on electronic data exchange technology or EDI, that is, a specialized logistics department or an early third-party logistics enterprise. The impact of modern information technology on the logistics organization of manufacturing enterprises will lead to the emergence of new logistics organizations, and promote the continuous improvement of the level of logistics organization

conclusion

as the driving force of national economic growth and technological upgrading, the manufacturing industry will make common progress with the development of emerging industries, including the logistics industry. At the same time, we believe that the modern logistics technology of manufacturing enterprises will develop in the direction of intelligence, flexibility, networking, precision, greening and globalization

about China Logistics Information Center

China Logistics Information Center is an industry information center responsible for the circulation of means of production and information in the field of logistics. It is mainly responsible for the statistics of national logistics information, the promotion of logistics informatization and the evaluation and management of logistics science and technology. At the same time, it is responsible for the detection, analysis and prediction of the supply and demand forms of the national means of production market, and the establishment and management of the national means of production information network, Authorized by relevant government departments of the state, it undertakes the statistical function of the means of production circulation industry, provides the basis for macro decision-making for government departments at all levels of the State Council, and also provides enterprises with micro ordinary rubber and rubber preparation technology only characterized by product structure. In addition to the appearance and operation guidance information, it also undertakes the function of the science and Technology Information Department of the China Federation of logistics and purchasing, which is the field of daily circulation and logistics of means of production, as well as information collection, processing An industry information department that analyzes and publishes all in one. (end)

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